gall bladder's function is to store bile, an enzyme
necessary for the digestion of fat in our food. When
our food reaches the intestine the gall bladder contracts
and releases bile into the bile duct to send it to the
small intestine. The amount of bile released is according
to the amount of fat in the food.
to various factors like heredity, sex (females are more
prone) diet (high fat or high alcohol) and over weight,
we see gall stone formation and these stones normally
block the bile duct to cause pain and discomfort. Gallstones
are more common in women who are over weight, and above
forty - Female, Fat and Forty plus.
The Gall stones
may have been there for long without any symptoms but
symptoms suddenly appear when a stone leaves the bladder
and gets stuck in the duct causing obstruction and pain
and disturbs the digestion as the bile flow is hindered.
Some times drugs
or surgery is advised but both of these are useless
unless serious changes are made in the diet. The main
principal is to be on a low fat diet. Most stones are
composed of cholesterol so it is absolutely necessary
to bring cholesterol levels down.
We see very good
response to weight reduction, cholesterol reduction
and a low fat diet. Many sufferers are seen to react
unfavorably to the intake of rich foods, fatty products
like cakes, pastries, desserts, ice creams, fried food,
nuts and chocolates.
Whole milk with
high fat content and milk products like the readily
available curds, which are high in fat, cheeses and
cream, must be strictly avoided. Fried or fatty meats
like mutton, pork, bacon, sausages and rich beef dishes
must not be eaten for at least 3 months.
sweets prepared with chocolates, nuts or coconut can
suddenly cause shooting pain, so please avoid. Alcohol
too must be restricted in this condition.
Besides all these
don'ts please do eat other regular foods at frequent
intervals in small quantities so that you are eating
6 meals and snacks totally. Ensure plenty of fiber in
the diet by eating whole cereals, atta, ragi, etc, moong
sprouts and plenty of salad at both lunch and dinner
and fibrous fruits like apples, pears and oranges etc.
please be very committed to regular exercises. The ideal
is to do 20-30minutes in the morning and again 20-30
in the evening. 2 shifts of exercises is far more effective
in breaking fat and cholesterol than one walk of 45minutes
to 1 hour. Please drink 10-12 glasses water as constipation
aggravates this condition.