Dietary Guidelines for Weaning your Infant
Weaning is the introduction of any food other than the breast milk or bottle feed the baby has been taking from birth and can be done between 4 to 6 months of age.
It is ideal to start with orange juice when the baby has completed 4 months of age. Try and avoid sour oranges and see that it is well diluted, one part of orange juice to 3 parts of water with a little sugar. Taste it yourself. It should be mild and pleasant to taste. Do remember that orange juice is not a substitute for milk. As it is mainly water, it should be given between 2 milk feeds, (ideally around 10-11am). Please use boiled and cooled water and a clean sterile bottle. Musambi (sweet lime) can also be used.
In the beginning the baby may take 1 - 2 tsp. of it but this can be increased within a week to 50 ml and then to 100 ml. After a month or so the concentration of juice to water can be increased to 1:2 or 1:1. If the child is not showing any revulsion or allergic reaction, it can be given in all seasons. If the weather is cold, use lukewarm water to mix the juice. Hot water will destroy vitamin C. One of the vitamins that milk lacks significantly is vitamin C, which is important for healthy growth, resistance to infection and improving iron absorption. Therefore, fruit juices rich in vitamin C such as orange, musambi or tomato is usually the first thing to be started for the baby.
Multi vitamin drops like Abdec or Zevit must be given from 4 months to 1 year. Also expose the child regularly to morning sunlight, for 20 -30 minutes, so that vitamin D is formed in their body.
To meet the increased calorie needs from the 4th or 5th month, a cereal and milk porridge type of preparation is to be started. Rice is the safest choice as it has been seen to be easily accepted by children and not causing any irritation or allergy in babies. One level tsp. of roasted rice powder can be mixed in 100ml of formula milk and cooked to a gruel or porridge on a slow fire. More milk may be added if it is too thick and sugar may be added for taste. This can be spooned into the baby's mouth little by little. Gradually increase the quantity as per the requirement of the baby. This preparation should be introduced at the 8-9am feed time as a breakfast feed.
If you would prefer a commercial brand you may go for a rice Cerelac or Nestum. There is no harm in using the so-called commercial foods like Cerelac, as it is safe, clean and convenient. Follow the instructions and quantities prescribed on the packet or container. Please introduce this as a breakfast feed around 8 or 9 am and continue all other milk feeds. Water must be introduced with the Cerelac feed. Spoon a few teaspoons into the baby's mouth after the feed. When the baby is 4 or 5 months, and can hold up her head, allow her to sip water from a small narrow cup (e.g. The cap of a feeding bottle.) This prevents water from spilling. Avoid giving water in a feeding bottle. Water must be boiled and cooled.
Mashed banana can be introduced in small quantities when the baby is 5 or 6 months old. Mash thoroughly with a fork. Ragi porridge may be introduced at breakfast instead of the rice powder or Cerelac at the age of six months. Sieve coarse ragi powder and using the fine powder cook it in to a porridge consistency with water and milk, add a little sugar or jaggery for taste.
A 6-month-old baby is ready for lunch. Over cooked rice with a little dhal and vegetables like potato and carrot can be mashed with a fork. Make it semisolid and start with a couple of teaspoons at lunch every day (strictly avoid grinding the food in the mixi). At this stage the baby is ready for mashed food. Continue the milk feed at this time soon after the few spoons of rice. As the intake of rice increases, reduce the quantity of milk. Please avoid adding additional ghee or butter to the baby's meal. It is very taxing to the baby's digestive system and should be strictly avoided till 9 months of age.